Un guide sur la motivation - AMEE Guides (Medical Teacher)

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Les guides de "l'Association for Medical Education in Europe" (AMEE) s'inscrivent dans la perspective de la promotion de la "Best-evidence Medical Education", c'est-à-dire de pratiques de formation et d'évaluation basées sur la preuve scientifique. Ils sont publiés par la revue Medical Teacher et offrent une mise au point théorique et pratique sur les grands concepts de l'éducation en sciences de la santé


Motivation is a concept which has fascinated researchers for many decades. The field of medical education has become interested in motivation recently, having always assumed that medical students must be motivated because of their commitment to highly specific training, leading to a very specific profession. However, motivation is a major determinant of the quality of learning and success, the lack of which may well explain why teachers sometimes observe medical students who are discouraged, have lost interest or abandon their studies, with a feeling of powerlessness or resignation. After describing the importance of motivation for learning in medicine, this Guide will define the concept of motivation, setting it within the context of a social cognitive approach. In the second part of this Guide, recommendations are made, based upon the so-called “ motivational dynamic model” , which provides a multitude of various strategies with positive effects on students' motivation to learn.

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